Here's what it looks like with a 4th grade text. I teach my students to use the UNERD strategy.
U= Underline the title and each paragraph in the text
N= Number the paragraphs
E= Evaluate the question
R= Read the text and annotate with purpose
D= Determine the Answer
Let me break it down for you with a text on Hurricane Katrina which is fitting for the day since it is the 11th Anniversary of the storm.
STEP 1= Students should WRITE UNERD at the top of their text
STEP 2= UNDERLINE THE TITLE AND EACH PARAGRAPH (underlining each paragraph is something new I added this year. This helps students chunk,break down the text or gives them stopping points for students to THINK about what they have read.)
STEP 3= NUMBER THE PARAGRAPHS
STEP 4= EVALUATE THE QUESTION
For this text, our GUIDING QUESTION was
Is this a firsthand or secondhand account? Support with evidence.
STEP 5= READ THE TEXT AND ANNOTATE WITH PURPOSE
Below you can see we annotated the text for purpose. We noted the key word Hurricane Katrina and that the author provides us mostly facts about the storm, how it came to be and its effects on the New Orleans area.
STEP 6 = DETERMINE THE ANSWER
(Stay tuned for how to answer a short response question.)